þurs

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Old Norse[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *þursaz, *þurisaz (giant, name of the Þ-rune). Cognate with Old English þyrs, Old Saxon thuris, Old High German durs, duris. See also Finnish turisas.
Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *tur-, *twer- (to rotate, twirl, swirl, move).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈθurs/

Noun[edit]

þurs m (genitive þurs, plural þursar)

  1. (Norse mythology) a giant, ogre, monster
    • Vǫluspá, verse 8, lines 5-6, in 1860, T. Möbius, Edda Sæmundar hins fróða: mit einem Anhang zum Theil bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig, page 2:
      [] unz þrjár kvámu / þursa meyjar []
      [] until three came / giant-maidens []
  2. a dunce, numskull
    • Heilræðavísur, in 1933, H. Pétursson, Heilræði Hallgríms Péturssonar:
      [] en þursinn heimskr þegja hlýtr, []
      [] but a stupid dunce must remain silent, []
  3. the name of the Þ-rune

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • þurs in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • þurs in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.