āda

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See also: ada, Ada, ADA, ādā, aða, -ada, A.D.A., and A. D. A.

Latvian[edit]

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 Āda on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

(Cilvēka) āda

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *ād-, from Proto-Indo-European *ādʰ-, a parallel form of *āǵ- (goat) (whence Latvian āzis (billy-goat), q.v.). The term may originally have been adjectival (cf. Lithuanian ódinis (skin, of skin)). A relationship between terms for “goat” and “skin” is not infrequent in Indo-European; cf. Russian коза (kozá, goat), кожа (kóža, skin), or Sanskrit अजा (ajā, she-goat), अजिनम् (ajínam, skin). In Latvian, the term expanded its meaning to cover both human and animal skin (or fur), as well as animal skin as material for making objects, ideas often distinguished in other languages (e.g., German Haut, Fell, and Leder). The original meaning is perhaps preserved in the Finnish borrowing vuota ((raw) hide, pelt). Cognates include Lithuanian óda, Sanskrit अत्कः (átkaḥ, armor, outfit) (< *aǵ-ko-), Ancient Greek ἀσκός (askós, leather wine-skin), Albanian dhi (goat) (< *ādʰ-i).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

āda f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy) skin (external cover of the (human or animal) body)
    sejas āda — facial skin
    gluda, maiga āda — smooth, soft skin
    krunkaina āda — wrinkled skin
    ādas slimībasskin diseases
    pārstādīt ādu — transplant skin
    kopt ādu — to take care of one's skin
    čūska met ādu — the snake is throwing (= leaving) its skin
    zirgam uz kakla noberzta āda — the horse has sore skin on its neck
  2. leather (animal skin especially treated to make clothes)
    ādas apstrādāšanaleather processing
    ādu fabrikaleather factory
    ādas mētelis, josta, cimdileather coat, belt, gloves
    kurpes ar ādas zoli — shoes with leather soles
    miecēt ādas — to tan skin

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “āda” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7