ārs

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See also: ars, ARs, and ARS

Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ar-, *arə- (to plow) (compare Latvian art), whence also the lexicalized variant āre (open space; cultivated land) and the verb art (to plough). The adverb ārā (outside) is the corresponding locative case form; in 16th- and 17th-century sources an old illative form āran is also used. The original meaning of ārs was thus “ploughed, tilled field.” Cognates include Lithuanian óras (air; outside; sky; weather), Hittite arẖa (region, coast; away, outside), arẖi- (in a plain, in a glade, outside), Lydian aara- (fence, fenced area, rural property), Albanian arë (field).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

ārs m (1st declension)

  1. exterior, outside (the space in the outside of a building, house, etc.)
    skraidīt pa āru — to run outside
    āra gaiss slimniecei varēja nākt tikai par labuoutside air could only be a good thing for the hospital
    no āra ienāceji vispirms iekļuva virtuvē, tad mazajā istabiņā ar diviem lodziņiem — the newcomers from outside first went into the kitchen, then into a little room with two little windows
  2. (chiefly genitive, used adjectivally) external, outside, outer
    āra logsexternal, outside window
    āra durvisouter door
  3. out, outside (of something, some object)
    dīvānam vidū bija bedre un dažas atsperes izspiedušās uz āru — in the middle of the coach there was a hole and several springs were bulging out
  4. (poetic) open space, open, outdoors; cultivated land, fields
    āros māsa uzaugusi, / aizved purva maliņā — (my) sister grew up in the open, / taken away to the edge of the swamp
    lūk, zeme zied; viens kūpošs ziedu ārs — look! the earth is blooming; one hazy field of flowers!
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The term ārs (exterior, outside) is most often used as an adverb, in the locative (ārā), or then in compounds, in the genitive (āra), where it is usually reduced to ār-.

Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Via some other European language, ultimately from French are, formed on the basis of Latin ārea (open space) as a (rarely used) SI unit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

ārs m (1st declension)

  1. are (SI unit of area, equivalent to 100 square meters)
    netālu no Hjerkinnas (Norvēģijā) es dzelzceļa malā redzēju līdumu, 10 vai 15 āru platībā — not far from Hjerkinna (in Norway) I saw a clearing at the side of a railway, in area about 10 or 15 ares
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “ārs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7