ķirbis

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Latvian[edit]

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 Ķirbis on Latvian Wikipedia

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Ķirbis
Ķirbji

Etymology[edit]

A borrowing from German Kürbis, itself a Borrowing from Latin cucurbita (from an earlier *curbitia, via reduplication). This word is first mentioned in early 18th-century texts, but only in the 19th century did it become really popular and enter the standard literary language. Various expressions had previously been used to refer to this plant, usually comparing it to a cucumber or apple (“big cucumber”, “big apple”, “porridge apple,” “porridge cucumber,” etc.).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

ķirbis m (2nd declension)

  1. pumpkin, squash, gourd (plants; fam. Cucurbitaceae)
    paraistais ķirbis — common pumpkin
    baltais ķirbis — white gourd
    ziemas ķirbji — winter squash
    ķirbju sēklaspumpkin seeds
    lielaugļu ķirbis — big-fruited pumpkin, gourd
    krūmu ķirbis — dwarf (lit. bush) gourd, calabash
  2. pumpkin, squash, gourd (fruit of the corresponding plants)
    ķirbju zupapumpkin soup
    ķirbju salāti — pumpkin salad

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “ķirbis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7