ļaudis

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See also: laudis, laŭdis, and ļaudīs

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *lyaudi-, from Proto-Indo-European *leidʰi (descendants, offspring), from *leidʰ- (to grow up). Cognates include Lithuanian liáudis (people, nation), Old Prussian ludis (owner, landlord), ludini (owner, landlady), ludysz (person), Old Church Slavonic людиє (ljudie, people), людинъ (ljudinŭ, free man), Russian лю́ди (ljúdi, people), Bulgarian лю́де (ljúde), Czech lidé, Slovak ľudia, Polish ludzie, Gothic 𐌻𐌹𐌿𐌸𐍃 (liuþs, man), Old High German liotan (to grow), liut, liuti (people), German Leute, Ancient Greek ἐλεύθερος (eleútheros, free) (< *leudʰeros (free man)), Latin liber (free) (also < *leudʰeros).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

ļaudis m (6th declension, irregular gender)

  1. people (a number of human individuals)
    gudri ļaudis — smart, intelligent people
    veci ļaudis — old people
    liels ļaužu pulks — big crowd (lit. crowd of people)
    ļaužu straume — a stream of people
    ļaužu pilns laukums — an area full of people
  2. people (individuals associated with an occupation, place, social status)
    lauku ļaudis — rural people
    rūpnīcas ļaudis — factory people
    kaimiņu ļaudis — neighboring people
    darba ļaudis, darbaļaudis, darbļaudis — working people, workers

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “ļaudis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7