šausmas

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See also: šausmās

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From an unattested verb *šaust (make (hair, feathers) stand) (compare Lithuanian šiaũsti (to dishevel, to comb upward; to raise (feathers))), from Proto-Baltic *šiaus-, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱew- (to swell, to bend) (hence “protrude, ruffle, make stand”), with an extra -s. The meaning “to make (hair) stand” became in the noun šausmas “great fear, terror”.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

šausmas f (4th declension)

  1. terror, horror (very intense fear)
    šausmu pārņemtshorror-struck
    iedvest šausmas — to inspire horror, terror
    iekliegties no šausmām — to cry out in horror
    šausmu kliedzienshorror scream
    sastingt šausmās — to freeze in terror, horror
  2. terror, horror (very bad events that (may) cause intense fear)
    kara šausmas — the horror of war
    šausmu lietashorrible things, affairs
    šausmu filmahorror movie

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “šausmas” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7