žoklis

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Latvian[edit]

Žokļi

Etymology[edit]

The origin of this word is not clear. Some connect it with žaunas (branchiae), from Proto-Baltic *žyuo-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵ(y)ew-, *ǵyow- (to chew, to chaw); others compare it with žāklis (pitchfork) (cf. the archaic term žokla (pitchfork)). The latter comparison is more likely to be true.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

žoklis m (2nd declension)

  1. (anatomy) jaw (facial bone which supports the teeth; area of the face where this bone is located)
    apakšējais, augšējais žoklis — lower, upper jaw
    žokļa kaulsjaw bone
    spēcīgi žokļi — strong jaws
    plati atplest žokļus — to open one's jaws wide
    kustināt žokļus ēdot — to move (one's) jaws (while) eating
    cilvēkam pilnā zobu rindā katrā žoklī ir 16 zobu, tātad pavisam 32 — people have in every jaw a set of 16 teeth, i.e., in total 32
  2. (of animals) jaw (the corresponding structure in other animals)
    zivs muti norobežo kaula žokļi; žokļos ir sīki, atpakaļ atliekti zobiņi, kas ļoti labi noder barības notveršanai — a fish's mouth is delimited by the jaw bones; in the jaws (there) are small, back-curved denticles, which are very useful for capturing food
  3. (technology) jaw-like component in a machine, tool, etc., for catching, holding or compressing something}}
    drupinātajā žoklis — crusher jaw
    beidzot ekskavatora kausa žokļi paveras, grants smagi noplakšķ kravas kastē — finally the excavator bucket jaws opened, (and) the gravel splattered heavily in the cargo box

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “žoklis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7