țigan

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Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Slavic word ciganinŭ, from Byzantine Greek τσιγγάνος (tsingános), αθίγγανος, ultimately from either a word meaning "untouchable"[1][2][3] or the name of a Christian sect.[4] Compare Hungarian cigány and German Zigeuner, which are from the same Greek source.

Noun[edit]

țigan m (plural țiganifeminine equivalent țigancă)

  1. Gypsy

Usage notes[edit]

The term "țigani", an imprecise exonym for several groups, is loaded with negative connotations: historically, it implied a status like that of a slave; today, the Dictionary of Romanian Language defines a fi țigan (to be Gypsy) as "to be a dark-skinned person" or "to be a person with bad habits".[5][6] Careful speakers therefore refer to the Roma people by their self-designation, romi, or (to prevent confusion with the word român (Romanian)) its alternative spelling rromi.

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

țigan 4 nom/acc forms

  1. Gypsy

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2004, Viorel Achim, The Roma in Romanian History (Bucharest), page 9
  2. ^ 2007, Jean-Pierre Liégeois, Roma In Europe, page 17
  3. ^ 1993, Struggling for Ethnic Identity: The Gypsies of Hungary (published by Human Rights Watch), page 1
  4. ^ 2010, Gabriela Brozba, Between reality and myth: A corpus-based analysis of the stereotypic image of some Romanian ethnic minorities, page 42
  5. ^ 2010, Gabriela Brozba, Between reality and myth: A corpus-based analysis of the stereotypic image of some Romanian ethnic minorities, page 42
  6. ^ 2007, Jean-Pierre Liégeois, Roma In Europe, page 159: In Romanian, the term țigan signifies a lazy good-for-nothing, and the plural țigani evokes not a culturally defined group but rather a disadvantaged, poverty-stricken community on the margins of society, with a status close to that of slaves []