γυμνός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *gʷomnós by Cowgill's Law (o → u between labial and resonant), from Proto-Indo-European *nogʷmós by metathesis (possible taboo deformation), from Proto-Indo-European *nogʷó-. Cognates include Sanskrit नग्न (nagna), Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬕𐬥𐬀 (maġna), Latin nūdus, Old Armenian մերկ (merk) and Old English nacod (English naked).


Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

γυμνός (gumnosm, γυμνή f, γυμνόν n; first/second declension

  1. naked, unclad
  2. unarmed, without armor, defenseless
  3. bare, uncovered
  4. stripped, destitute
  5. lightly clad
  6. mere

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • LSJ
  • BDAG
  • Strong’s concordance number: G1131
  • American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots. Ed. Calvert Watkins. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985.
  • Huld, Martin E. “Magic, Metathesis and Nudity in Indo-European Thought.” Ancient Languages and Philology. Vol 1 of Studies in Honor of Jaan Puhvel. Eds.

Dorothy Disterheft et al. Journal of Indo-European Studies Monograph 20. Gen. eds. A. Richard Diebold and Edgar C. Polomé. Washington: Institute for the Study of Man, 1997. 75-92.


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek γυμνός (gumnos)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

γυμνός (gymnósm,  feminine: γυμνόςηή (gymnósií), neuter: γυμνός (gymnós)

  1. naked, unsheathed, bare.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

see: γυμνάζω (gymnázo, to train, to exercise)