δέω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *deh₁-. Cognates include Sanskrit द्यति (dyati), Avestan 𐬥𐬍𐬛𐬫𐬁𐬙𐬄𐬨 (nīdyātąm) and Albanian duaj.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

δέω (déō)

  1. I bind, tie, fasten, fetter
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 10.443
      ἠέ με δήσαντες λίπετ᾽ αὐτόθι νηλέϊ δεσμῷ
      or bind me with a cruel bond and leave me here
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 10.475
      ὠκέες ἵπποι ἐξ ἐπιδιφριάδος πυμάτης ἱμᾶσι δέδεντο
      his swift horses were tethered by the reins to the topmost rim of the chariot
    1. (figuratively)
      • 522 BCE – 443 BCE, Pindar, Pythian Ode 3.54
        ἀλλὰ κέρδει καὶ σοφία δέδεται.
        But even skill is enthralled by the love of gain.
    2. (middle) I tie onto myself
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 2.44
        ποσσὶ δ᾽ ὑπὸ λιπαροῖσιν ἐδήσατο καλὰ πέδιλα
        and beneath his shining feet he bound his fair sandals
    3. (with genitive) I hinder from
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 4.380
        λλὰ σύ πέρ μοι εἰπέ [...] ὅς τίς μ᾽ ἀθανάτων πεδάᾳ καὶ ἔδησε κελεύθου
        But do thou tell me [...] who of the immortals fetters me here, and has hindered me from my path
    4. (medicine) I brace
Inflection[edit]


Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Uncertain. Perhaps from *δέϝω, or perhaps from *δεύσω. For the latter compare Sankrit दोष (doṣa).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

δέω (déō)

  1. I lack, need
    • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, Stat. 277.d
      αὖ μοι καὶ τὸ παράδειγμα αὐτὸ δεδέηκεν.
      The very example I employ requires another example.
    1. (with πολλοῦ (polloû)) I am far from
      • 400 BCE – 387 BCE, Plato, Apology 30.d
        πολλοῦ δέω ἐγὼ ὑπὲρ ἐμαυτοῦ ἀπολογεῖσθα
        I am far from defending myself for my own sake
    2. (in participle) lacking, i.e. minus
  2. (as deponent) I need, require
    • 429 BCE, Sophocles, Oedipus the King 1148
      ἐπεὶ τὰ σὰ δεῖται κολαστοῦ μᾶλλον ἢ τὰ τοῦδ᾽ ἔπη.
      Your words need rebuking more than his.
    • 380 BCE, Plato, The Republic 392.d
      ἔτι δέομαι σαφέστερον μαθεῖν
      I still need to understand more plainly.
    1. I beg
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 3.157.1
        ἐπιτρέπεσθαι ἕτοιμοι ἦσαν τῶν ἐδέετο σφέων
        they were ready to entrust to him all that he asked from them
Inflection[edit]

Other forms: δεοῦμαι for δεήσομαι (Doric, Epich.120)

Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

δέω (déō)

  1. Alternative form of δήω (dḗō)