δῆμος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *deh₂mos (people) (perhaps originally a feminine), from *deh₂- (to divide), whence also δαίομαι (daíomai). The original meaning was thus "part". Cognate to Old Irish dám (followers, crowd) and Old Welsh dauu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

δῆμος (dēmos) (genitive δήμου) m, second declension

  1. country, land
  2. A deme, a subdivision of ancient Attica.
  3. People, mainly the common people.
    • circa 8th century BC, Ὅμηρος (Homēros) (Homer), Ἰλιάς (Ilias) (The Iliad), 3.50:
      πατρί τε σῷ μέγα πῆμα πόληΐ τε παντί τε δήμῳ
      great pain upon your father, your city, and your people
  4. Common people, i.e. the democratic faction.
    ἦν γὰρ Πειθίας ἐθελοπρόξενός τε τῶν Ἀθηναίων καὶ τοῦ δήμου προειστήκει (Thucydides, Hist.3.70)
    for Peithias was a volunteer proxenus of the Athenians and the leader of the democratic faction
  5. (rare) commoner
  6. Assembly of the people as a political body.
  7. democracy

Inflection[edit]

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Descendants[edit]

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