δῆμος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *deh₂mos (people) (perhaps originally a feminine), from *deh₂- (to divide), whence also δαίομαι (daíomai). The original meaning was thus "part". Cognate to Old Irish dám (followers, crowd) and Old Welsh dauu.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

δῆμος (dêmos) (genitive δήμου) m, second declension

  1. country, land
  2. A deme, a subdivision of ancient Attica.
  3. People, mainly the common people.
    • circa 8th century BC, Ὅμηρος (Hómēros) (Homer), Ἰλιάς (Iliás) (The Iliad), 3.50:
      πατρί τε σῷ μέγα πῆμα πόληΐ τε παντί τε δήμῳ
      great pain upon your father, your city, and your people
  4. Common people, i.e. the democratic faction.
    • ἦν γὰρ Πειθίας ἐθελοπρόξενός τε τῶν Ἀθηναίων καὶ τοῦ δήμου προειστήκει (Thucydides, Hist.3.70)
      for Peithias was a volunteer proxenus of the Athenians and the leader of the democratic faction
  5. (rare) commoner
  6. Assembly of the people as a political body.
  7. democracy
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *deh₂mo- from *deh₂- (to flow), whence Old Armenian տամուկ (tamuk, humid, moist), Albanian dhjamë (fat), Sanskrit दानु (dānu, fluid, drop).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

δῆμος (dêmos) (genitive δήμου) m, second declension

  1. Alternative form of δημός (dēmós).
Declension[edit]