κάρκαρος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Seems to agree with Sanskrit कर्कर (karkara, hard, firm), but some of its relations (κάρχαρος (kárkharos), καρκίνος (karkínos), and κέρχνος (kérkhnos)) seem to hint at a Pre-Greek origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

κάρκαρος (kárkarosm, κάρκαρα f, κάρκαρον n; first/second declension

  1. The meaning of this term is uncertain. Hesychius defines κάρκαροι (kárkaroi) as δεσμοί (desmoí, bond), τραχεῖς (trakheîs, rough, jagged), and κάρκαρα (kárkara) as μάνδρα (mándra, enclosed space), which agrees well with the attested κάρκαρον (kárkaron, prison)

References[edit]

  • LSJ 8th edition
  • Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers