μῦθος

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See also: μύθος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Frisk of onotmatopoeic origin, from μῡ (). According to Beekes there are no plausible comparanda and the word is Pre-Greek. Others compare it to Common Slavic *myslь (idea, thought), as if via Proto-Indo-European *muHdʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

μῦθος (muthos) (genitive μύθου) m, second declension

  1. something said: word, speech, conversation
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 11.561
      ἀλλ' ἄγε δεῦρο, ἄναξ, ἵν' ἔπος καὶ μῦθον ἀκούσῃς
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 4.777
      μῦθον, ὃ δὴ καὶ πᾶσιν ἐνὶ φρεσὶν ἤραρεν ἥμιν.
    1. public speech
    2. (mostly in plural) talk, conversation
    3. advice, counsel, command, order, promise
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 5.493
        Ὣς φάτο Σαρπηδών, δάκε δὲ φρένας Ἕκτορι μῦθος·
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 7.358
        οἶσθα καὶ ἄλλον μῦθον ἀμείνονα τοῦδε νοῆσαι.
    4. the subject of a speech or talk
    5. a resolve, purpose, design, plan
    6. saying, proverb
    7. the talk of men, rumor, report, message
  2. tale, story, narrative,
    1. tale, legend, myth
      1. (in Attic prose) a legend of the early Greek times, before the dawn of history
    2. a professed work of fiction, fable, such as those of Aesop
    3. the plot of a tragedy

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The scholia on the Odyssey 21.71 says that μῦθος is Aeolic for μόθος (mothos), but compare μυθιήτης (muthiētēs). It is used there in the significance of "resolve, purpose."

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]