μῦθος

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See also: μύθος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Frisk of onomatopoeic origin, from μῡ (). According to Beekes there are no plausible comparanda and the word is Pre-Greek. Others compare it to Common Slavic *myslь (idea, thought), as if via Proto-Indo-European *muHdʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

μῦθος (mûthos) (genitive μύθου) m, second declension

  1. something said: word, speech, conversation
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 11.561
      ἀλλ' ἄγε δεῦρο, ἄναξ, ἵν' ἔπος καὶ μῦθον ἀκούσῃς
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 4.777
      μῦθον, ὃ δὴ καὶ πᾶσιν ἐνὶ φρεσὶν ἤραρεν ἥμιν.
    1. public speech
    2. (mostly in plural) talk, conversation
    3. advice, counsel, command, order, promise
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 5.493
        Ὣς φάτο Σαρπηδών, δάκε δὲ φρένας Ἕκτορι μῦθος·
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 7.358
        οἶσθα καὶ ἄλλον μῦθον ἀμείνονα τοῦδε νοῆσαι.
    4. the subject of a speech or talk
    5. a resolve, purpose, design, plan
    6. saying, proverb
    7. the talk of men, rumor, report, message
  2. tale, story, narrative,
    1. tale, legend, myth
      1. (in Attic prose) a legend of the early Greek times, before the dawn of history
    2. a professed work of fiction, fable, such as those of Aesop
    3. the plot of a tragedy

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The scholia on the Odyssey 21.71 says that μῦθος (mûthos) is Aeolic for μόθος (móthos), but compare μυθιήτης (muthiḗtēs). It is used there in the significance of "resolve, purpose."

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]