ξηρός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kseros. Cognates include Latin serescō, Old High German serawēn, Old Armenian չոր (čʿor), Middle Armenian չիր (čʿir) and perhaps Sanskrit क्षार (kṣārá, sharp, acrid, pungent). However, the lengthened vowel η where we would expect ε is problematic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ξηρός (ksērósm, ξηρά f, ξηρόν n; first/second declension

  1. dry
  2. The effects of being without water: parched, withered
  3. By extension: shrunken, paralyzed, lean
  4. (voice) rough, hoarse
  5. fasting

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ξηρός (xirósm,  feminine: ξηρή (xirí) or ξηρά (xirá), neuter: ξηρό (xiró)

  1. (literary) dry, dried, arid
    το κλίμα είναι πολύ ξηρό (the climate is very dry)
  2. (literary) dry, not sweet
    ξηρός οίνος (dry wine)
    ξηρό κρασί (dry wine)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The use of this form is restricted to special terms, such as those listed below under Derived terms.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

see: ξερός (xerós)

Derived terms[edit]