πρῶτος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Traditionally held to be the superlative of πρό (pró, before) (compare πρότερος (próteros)), but it is unclear how such a contraction would come about. Could also be from a Proto-Indo-European *pr̥H-, with cognates including Lithuanian pirmas, Sanskrit पूर्व (pūrva), and Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬬𐬀 (paurva). In both cases, the ω and α forms are difficult to reconcile.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

πρῶτος (prôtosm, πρώτη f, πρῶτον n; first/second declension

  1. (ordinal) first, cardinal counterpart is εἷς
  2. earliest
  3. foremost, most prominent
  4. (mathematics) prime

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]