πύργος

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See also: Πύργος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The word is first attested in Homer Iliad 7.206. Believed to be a borrowed word, probably from Urartian [script needed] (burgana, palace, fortress); compare also Old Armenian բուրգն (burgn, pyramid). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (high), with cognates including Sanskrit बृहत् (bṛhát, lofty , high , tall), Old Armenian բարձր (barjr, high) and Old English burg (English borough). Kretschmer suggested a borrowing from Proto-Germanic *burgz (fortified town, hill-fort) mediated through some Northern Balkans language ( Macedonian?). However, according to Beekes the abundance of Pre-Greek placenames (e.g. Πέργαμον (Pérgamon) ) seems to indicate a Pre-Greek origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

πύργος (púrgos) (genitive πύργου); m, second declension

  1. tower, watchtower
  2. (in the plural) towered wall
  3. the part of the house where women live
  4. castle, fortress, bulwark
  5. (military) division, column

Inflection[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek.

Noun[edit]

πύργος (pýrgosm (plural πύργοι)

  1. tower
    κεντρικός πύργος (central tower, castle keep)
  2. (chess) rook

Declension[edit]