Київ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Ukrainian[edit]

Ukrainian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia uk

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic Кыевъ (Kyevŭ).

The traditional etymology is from the name of a legendary founder, кии (kii), mentioned in the Hypatian Codex (see Kyi, Shchek and Khoryv in Wikipedia). Compare Ukrainian Кий (Kyj), Russian Киев (Kíjev), from Кий (Kij). However, historian Michael Hrushevsky warned that this was an “etymological myth”.

A proposal by linguist Jaroslav Rudnyckyj holds that Київ comes from кий (kyj, stick, pole), meaning a settlement palisaded киями (kýjamy, by poles). This etymology has been accepted by several émigré linguists, and supported by multiple lines of evidence. In turn, the word comes from Proto-Slavic *kyjь (pole, hammer), from Proto-Indo-European *kū-i̯os (pole, hammer), *kāu̯-, *kəu̯-, related to Proto-Indo-European *kūti (to hit), from *koutei.

Compare Middle Ukrainian Києв (Kyjev), Кіевъ (Kievъ), Киевъ (Kyevъ), Old Ukrainian Кїєвь (Kijev’).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Ки́їв (Kýjivm inan (genitive Ки́єва)

  1. Kiev (capital of Ukraine)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]