замок

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Macedonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

замок (zámokm

  1. castle

Russian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Polish zamek, which is a calque via Czech zámek of Middle High German sloz (lock, keep), which, in turn, is a calque of Latin clūsa (lock, fort, fortification). Attested from the 17th century. Related to замыкать (zamykatʹ) (замкнуть (zamknutʹ)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

за́мок (zámokm inan

  1. castle
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the verb замыкать (zamykatʹ, to close), from за- (za-) + -мкнуть, related to Old East Slavic промъкнѫти сѧ (promŭknǫti sę, to dash past, propagate, be carried) and Old Church Slavonic мъкнѫти сѧ (mŭknǫti sę, transpire). Cognate with Ukrainian замкнути (zamknuty), Belarusian мкнуць (mknucʹ), Bulgarian мъкна (mǎkna, pull out), Serbo-Croatian макнути (to move), Slovene makníti, Czech mknouti, Slovak mknúť, Polish mknąć (to move, push, encourage), whence Russian мчать (mčatʹ). Related to Lithuanian mùkti, munkù, mukaũ (be released, escape), Latvian mukt (knock off, slip).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

замо́к (zamókm inan

  1. lock
    америка́нский замо́кspringlock
    англи́йский замо́кpatent lock
    на замке́under lock and key
    под замко́мunder lock and key
See also[edit]
Declension[edit]

Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

за́мок (zámokm inan (genitive за́мку, nominative plural за́мки)

  1. castle
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

замо́к (zamókm inan (genitive замка́, nominative plural замки́)

  1. lock
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • замок” in Ivan Bilodid (editor-in-chief) (1970–1980), Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language], in 11 vols, Kiev: Naukova Dumka