это

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Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

э́то (éto)

  1. demonstrative pronoun: this, it, that
    Мне э́то нра́вится!Mne éto nrávitsja! ― I like it! or I like that!
  2. neuter form of этот: this; compare этот/эта/эти and тот/то/та/те
    Это яйцо́ — све́жее, а вот э́то — ту́хлое.Eto jajcó — svéžeje, a vot éto — túxloje.This egg is fresh, and this one is rotten.

Particle[edit]

э́то (éto)

  1. Used as subject: it (is), this (is), that (is), these (are), those (are).
    Этоучи́тельEto — učítelʹThis is the teacher.
    Этобрат и сестра́Eto — brat i sestráThey are brother and sister.
    Это не молоко́, а кефи́рEto ne molokó, a kefírThis is not milk, but kefir.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used to connect subject and predicate as kind of topic or subject marker. (However, as opposed to actual topic markers such as in Japanese, ‘это’ may be omitted without changing the meaning or breaking the sentence structure.) It does not get translated into English.
  • Со́евое молоко́ — (э́то) напи́ток, полу́ченный из зёрен со́иSoya milk is a beverage produced from soybeans.
  • Note that all of the above examples are ellipses in which the actual verb (есть — is, суть — are) has been omitted, which is typical for Russian. Oftentimes, the omitted verb is replaced by an em dash.

Interjection[edit]

э́то (éto)

  1. uh, er, erm, umm; used in hesitant speech;
    Я, э́то, не купи́л ничего́Ja, éto, ne kupíl ničegó ― I, er, I haven't bought anything.

Idioms[edit]