աղտ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian աղտ (ałt); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

աղտ (ałt)

  1. dirt, filth, uncleanliness

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *Hl̥-d- and cognate with Old Norse úldna (to decay, rot), Old High German oltar and Latin alga.

Another possibility is derivation from Proto-Indo-European *sal- (dirty, grey) with cognates in Old Irish sal (dirt, filth), Old High German salo (dirty). See also աղօտ (ałōt).

There is an alternative form աղծ- (ałc-) found in compounds.

Noun[edit]

աղտ (ałt

  1. dirt, filth, uncleanliness (also of soul)
  2. afterbirth
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • աղտ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աղտ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աղտ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • “aɫt” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 39f

Etymology 2[edit]

The basic meaning is “salt deposits, salt mines, salty place”, inherited from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂ld-, enlarged from *seh₂l- (salt). The closest cognate is Proto-Germanic *saltą.

There is an alternative form աղծ- (ałc-) found in աղծեալ (ałceal).

Noun[edit]

աղտ (ałt

  1. salt
    ծով աղտիցcov ałticʿ ― salt-marsh
  2. salt-mine
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Attested only in the plural.

Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • աղտ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աղտ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աղտ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • “aɫt” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 40f