այգի

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian այգի (aygi, grapevine; vienyard). Western Armenian preserves the sense of “vineyard”, while the Eastern dialect has switched it to any garden in general.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

այգի (aygi)

  1. (Western Armenian) vineyard
  2. (Eastern Armenian) garden
    բուսաբանական այգիbusabanakan aygibotanical garden
    խնձորի այգիxnjori aygi ― apple garden
    խաղողի այգիxałołi aygi ― vineyard
  3. (Eastern Armenian) park
    ման գալ այգումman gal aygum ― to take a walk in the park

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *այգ (*ayg, grapes, vine) +‎ (-i, botanical suffix), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁h₁i-ueh₂-, *h₁oh₁i-ueh₂-, *h₁oih₁-ueh₂-. Cognates include Latin ūva (grape), Ancient Greek ὄα (óa, Sorbus tree), Old English īw (English yew) and Old Church Slavonic ива (iva) (Russian ива (iva)).

Noun[edit]

այգի (aygi

  1. grapevine
  2. vineyard (land planted with slips of the vine)
    տնկել զայգիսtnkel zaygis ― to plant the vineyard
    կթող այգւոյktʿoł aygwoy ― vintager
    տէր այգւոյtēr aygwoy ― wine-grower, owner or master of the vineyard
    պահապան այգւոյpahapan aygwoy ― keeper or guard of the vineyard

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The word has four combining forms: այգե- (ayge-), այգէ- (aygē-), այգա- (ayga-), այգ- (ayg-).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • այգի in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • այգի in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • այգի in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • “aygi” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 56