անարի

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Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian անարի (anari); see it for more.

Adjective[edit]

անարի (anari) (superlative ամենաանարի)

  1. cowardly, not courageous
Declension[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian անարի (anari); see it for more.

Noun[edit]

անարի (anari)

  1. (historical) non-Aryan, non-Iranian
Declension[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From ան- (an-) +‎ արի (ari).

Adjective[edit]

անարի (anari

  1. weak, feeble, unmanly, timid, pusillanimous, cowardly

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Parthian *𐭀𐭍𐭀𐭓𐭉 (anari, non-Aryan) (attested in 𐭀𐭍𐭀𐭓𐭉𐭀𐭍 (anaryān)). Compare Middle Persian 𐭠𐭭𐭩𐭥𐭠𐭭 (anērān) and see there for more.

For the development of the sense “gigantic, enormous, monstrous” remember that foreign nations are often considered “barbarian, strange”. Alternatively, the sense “gigantic, enormous, monstrous” can be formed in Armenian as ան- (an-) +‎ ար- (ar-, to make, to fit) +‎ (-i) and basically mean “unshaped, deformed”.

Noun[edit]

անարի (anari

  1. non-Aryan, non-Iranian
  2. gigantic, enormous, monstrous

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • անարի in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • անարի in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • անարի in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • “anari” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 69