անդ

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Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian անդ (and); see it for more.

Adverb[edit]

անդ (and)

  1. (dated) there, yonder, in that place

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian անդ (and); see it for more.

Noun[edit]

անդ (and)

  1. Alternative form of հանդ (hand)
Declension[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From *նո- (*no-) grown with an obscure suffix (-d) also found in աստ (ast) as -տ (-t).

Adverb[edit]

անդ (and)

  1. there, yonder, in that place
    անդ ի ներքսand i nerkʿs ― therein, within
    ի վեր անդi ver and ― there above, yonder above
    անդ ի վայրand i vayr ― down there, below
    աստ եւ անդast ew and ― here and there
    անդ ուրեմնand uremn ― there
  2. at that time, then
    անդ եւ աստand ew ast ― then.. and now
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₂endʰ-, with cognates including Tocharian A ānt, Tocharian B ānte (surface) Sanskrit अन्धस (ándhas, sprout of the Soma-plant), Ancient Greek ἄνθος (ánthos).

Alternatively from Proto-Armenian *and- (door-frame, vestibule) (whence դրանդի (drandi)) with a semantic shift “door-frame, threshold, vestibule” > “court, courtyard” > “estate; household; family” > “the outer part of estate/properties”.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

անդ (and

  1. cornfield, arable field
    անդքandkʿ ― the fields, country
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • անդ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • անդ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • անդ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • “and” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 72