աշխատ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An Iranian borrowing, probably Middle Median because of the prothetic a-. Compare Middle Persian ʾxšʾd (depressed, troubled), Manichaean Middle Persian ʾxšʾdyh (suffering), Sanskrit क्षत (kṣata, hurt).

Noun[edit]

աշխատ (ašxatindeclinable

  1. toil, work; torture, trouble
    աշխատ առնելašxat aṙnel ― to give trouble, to fatigue, to harass, to incommode, to disquiet, to disturb; to torment to plague, to rack; to weary; to importune, to pester
    աշխատ լինելašxat linel ― to take trouble

Usage notes[edit]

The word is not used independently (but is found in compounds) apart from the two idioms mentioned above.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • աշխատ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • աշխատ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աշխատ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Anait Perixanjan (1993), Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskogo jazyka [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 17