աշխոյժ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Certainly an Iranian borrowing, but the exact source is unclear.

According to Périkhanian, from Middle Median *axšōβž or *axšuβž, from Proto-Iranian *xšub- (to become excited; to be in commotion); compare Avestan [script?] (xšaob-, agitate), Sanskrit क्षुभ्यति (kṣúbhyati, shake). The Median word was borrowed into Manichaean Middle Persian as ʾxšwz (axšōz, striving).

According to Ałayan, from an Iranian compound *xšaoǰa (having power, mighty), ultimately from Proto-Iranian *xšaH- (to rule, be lord of) (whence Avestan [script?] (xšā-, to be able; rule, be lord of)) and *auǰah- (strength, power) (whence ոյժ (oyž)).

Adjective[edit]

աշխոյժ (ašxoyž

  1. ardent, spirited, lively, sprightly, mettlesome, fiery; adroit, skilful; alert, vigilant
    աշխոյժ ձիašxoyž ji ― spirited horse

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

աշխոյժ (ašxoyž

  1. (in the plural) vivacity

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • աշխոյժ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աշխոյժ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • աշխոյժ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Anait Perixanjan (1993), Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskogo jazyka [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 17
  • Ēduard Ałayan (1974), Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 23