ապ-

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • ապա- (apa-) (before consonants)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ապ- (ap-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ապ- (ap-)

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns meaning "without (the thing mentioned)"; -less.
    բախտ (baxt) (baxt) — luck
    ապաբախտ (apabaxt) — luckless
    օրենք (òrenk’) — law
    ապօրինի (apòrini) — illegal
  2. Used to form the opposites of adjectives; un-.
    երջանիկ (erǰanik) — happy
    ապերջանիկ (aperǰanik) — unhappy
  3. Appended to verbs to denote reversal, cancellation; un-, dis-, de-.
    կենտրոնանալ (kentronanal) — to concentrate
    ապակենտրոնանալ (apakentronanal) — to deconcentrate

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of Iranian origin. Compare Middle Persian ʾp̄y- (abē-) and modern Persian بی (bē-), both negative prefixes.

Prefix[edit]

ապ- (ap-)

  1. without, -less
    հարկhark ― tax
    ապահարկapahark ― exempt from taxes
  2. appended to verbs to denote reversal, cancellation; un-, dis-, de-
    գովելgovel ― to praise
    ապագովելapagovel ― to dispraise

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Category Old Armenian words prefixed with ապ- not found

Descendants[edit]