արատ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian արատ (arat); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

արատ (arat)

  1. bodily flaw, defect (in humans)
    սրտի արատsrti arat ― heart disease
  2. mental flaw, vice
  3. flaw, defect (in things)
  4. stain, blemish, spot, smear

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Uncertain. Ačaṙyan leaves the origin open.

Ałayan considers արատ (arat) to be a by-form of արած- (arac-), deriving արատ (arat) from Proto-Indo-European *tred- (to drill) from the root *terh₁- (to rub).

J̌ahukyan with some reservation accepts the connection with արած- (arac-), for the change of > տ (t) pointing to բարտի (barti).

Noun[edit]

արատ (arat

  1. bodily flaw, defect
  2. blot, spot, stain, blemish
  3. harm
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • արատ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • արատ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • արատ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume I, pages 297–298
  • Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, volume III, page 1073, 1076
  • Ēduard Ałayan (1974), Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 25
  • արատ¹ in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 85a

Etymology 2[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₁r(e/o)h₂d- and cognate with Ancient Greek ἐρῳδιός (erōidiós, heron), Latin ardea. Alternatively, a Mediterranean substrate word.

Noun[edit]

արատ (arat

  1. stork (?)
Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The word is attested only once (Vardan Arewelcʿi), along with արիովդ (ariovd), and its meaning is uncertain.

References[edit]

  • արատ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • “arat” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 126