արբուն

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Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian արբուն (arbun); see it for more.

Adjective[edit]

արբուն (arbun) (superlative ամենաարբուն)

  1. (rare) adult, pubescent
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

արբուն (arbun)

  1. (rare) Alternative form of արբունք (arbunkʿ)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From արբել (arbel) +‎ -ուն (-un).

Adjective[edit]

արբուն (arbun) (superlative ամենաարբուն)

  1. (rare) intoxicating
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

արբուն (arbun)

  1. (neologism) brandy
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The sense “brandy” was coined by the Armenian Government in 2010 in a hope to replace one day the usual generic Armenian word for “brandy” — կոնյակ (konyak), which is from French cognac, claimed by France to be an appellation d'origine contrôlée.

Synonyms[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

The origin is uncertain. According to J̌ahukyan, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)bʰro- (strong, mighty) and cognate with Gothic 𐌰𐌱𐍂𐍃 (abrs), Middle Irish prefix abor- (very) and perhaps արբեկ (arbek). See Pokorny for this root, without the Armenian. Alternatively, according to Weitenberg apud Martirosyan, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰōrH-n-, from the root *bʰerH-, and cognate with բուռն (buṙn).

Noun[edit]

արբուն (arbun

  1. vigour, force
  2. maturity (of age)
    յարբունս հասանելyarbuns hasanel ― to attain the age of maturity, to grow
    յարբունս հասեալyarbuns haseal ― adult, pubescent, marriageable
  3. measure
    յարբունս զքեզ ձգեալyarbuns zkʿez jgeal ― by conducting yourself with moderation, by restraining you
Declension[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The word was indeclinable. Post-classically declined only in the plural.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • արբուն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • արբուն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • արբուն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • արբուն in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5
  • Geworg J̌ahukyan (1987), Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 111
  • “arbun-k‘” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 130
  • “abhro-” in Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, volume I, page 2

Etymology 2[edit]

From արբ- (arb-) +‎ -ուն (-un)

Noun[edit]

արբուն (arbun

  1. potable

References[edit]

  • արբուն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

արբուն (arbun

  1. Misspelling of աղփուն (ałpʿun).

References[edit]

  • արբուն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume I, page 300b