գէշ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • գիշ (giš) (post-classical, wrongly abstracted away from compounds such as գիշ-ակեր (giš-aker))

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. According to Pokorny, from Proto-Indo-European *weis- (to flow; poison), with cognates such as Avestan [script?] (vaēšah-, decay, decomposition), [script?] (viš-), [script?] (viša-, poison), Sanskrit विष (viṣa, poison), Ancient Greek ἰός (iós), Latin virus. According to J̌ahukyan 2010, a borrowing from the Iranian cognate is more likely than direct inheritance from Proto-Indo-European.

Noun[edit]

գէշ (gēš

  1. corpse, carrion, dead body
    գէշ արկանելgēš arkanel — to devour or make beasts eat
  2. ripped piece of body
    գէշ գէշ պատառիլgēš gēš pataṙil — to be torn into pieces
  3. (by extension) a piece of anything broken, a splinter, fragment

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

գէշ (gēš

  1. (post-classical) bad, ill

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • գէշ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • գէշ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • գէշ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • “³u̯eis-” in Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, volume III, page 1134
  • գէշ in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 159b