գինի

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian գինի (gini); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

գինի (gini)

  1. wine

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *wei(H)nyo-, *woi(H)nyo-. Cognates include Ancient Greek οἶνος (oînos), Albanian venë, verë, Latin vinum, Hittite [script?] (wiyan-, wine). A non-Indo-European substrate origin has also been suggested: compare Hebrew יין (yāyin) and Arabic وين (wain). Proto-Kartvelian *ɣwino- is probably borrowed from Proto-Armenian.

Noun[edit]

գինի (gini

  1. wine
    զուարթանալ սրտի ի գինւոյ, ընդ գինիս մտանել, զգինեօք անկանել, ի գինւոջ լինելzuartʿanal srti i ginwoy, ənd ginis mtanel, zgineōkʿ ankanel, i ginwoǰ linel — to be merry with wine, to drink, to get drunk
    թափել զգինի, սթափել ի գինւոյtʿapʿel zgini, stʿapʿel i ginwoy — to sleep one's self sober
    զուարթացուցանել ի գինւոյzuartʿacʿucʿanel i ginwoy — to make tipsy, to fuddle
    պարզել զգինիparzel zgini — to clear the wine

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The word has two combining forms: գինե- (gine-) and less common գին- (gin-).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • գինի in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • գինի in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • գինի in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 214