ես

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian ես (es); see below.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • յես (yes) (reformed orthography spelling in 1922–1940)

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ես (es)

  1. (personal) I
    Ես ունեմ մեծ տուն։Es unem mec tun.I have a big house.
Declension[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Armenian ես (es).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • յես (yes) (reformed orthography spelling in 1922–1940) (following a vowel)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ես (es)

  1. second-person singular present indicative of լինել (linel) "(you) are"
    Դու հայ ես։
    Du hay es.
    You are Armenian.
    Դու հայ չես։
    Du hay čʿes.
    You are not Armenian.
    Դու գիրքը կարդալու ես։
    Du girkʿə kardalu es.
    You will read the book.

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronoun[edit]

ես (es)

  1. (personal) I
    ես ինքնes inkʿn ― myself
    ահաւասիկ եսahawasik es ― here I am, here am I
    ես եմes em ― it is I
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Armenian: ես (es)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁éssi, from *h₁és-.

Verb[edit]

ես (es)

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of եմ (em)

References[edit]

  • ես in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ես in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ես in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • * Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 255