զուր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian զուր (zur); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

զուր (zur)

  1. futile, fruitless, vain; unavailing

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

զուր (zur)

  1. in vain, for nothing, vainly, to no purpose, to no avail

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Parthian 𐭆𐭅𐭓 (zūr). Compare Middle Persian 𐭦𐭥𐭥 (zūr), Persian زور (zūr), Avestan [script?] (zura-)[script?]; these are cognate with Sanskrit ह्वार (hvāra, going crookedly) and ultimately Russian зло (zlo).

Adjective[edit]

զուր (zur) (indeclinable

  1. vain, useless, futile, trifling, frivolous
    ի զուր, ընդ զուր, զուր ուրեմնi zur, ənd zur, zur uremn — vainly, in vain, uselessly, invalidly, unjustly
    ի զուր ճգնելi zur čgnel — to labour in vain
    զուր ստրջանքzur strǰankʿ — unavailing regrets
    զուր ջան, անօգուտ վաստակzur ǰan, anōgut vastak — labour lost

Adverb[edit]

զուր (zur)

  1. vainly, in vain, to no purpose, uselessly, invalidly, unjustly
    զուր խօսել (զումեքէ)zur xōsel (zumekʿē) — to calumniate, to impute, to accuse

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • զուր in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • զուր in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • զուր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Anait Perixanjan (1993), Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskogo jazyka [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 47