թափեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From թափ (tʿapʿ).

Verb[edit]

թափեմ (tʿapʿem)  (aorist indicative թափեցի)

  1. (transitive) to spill, to empty, to pour out (a liquid, a glass); to overturn, to cast down, to fling or throw down; to cast off, to discharge
    թափել զբաժակtʿapʿel zbažak ― to drink off the cup to its dregs; to drink up
    թափեաց նաւն զբեռնtʿapʿeacʿ nawn zbeṙn ― the ship is unloaded
    թափել զատամնtʿapʿel zatamn ― to extract, to pull out, to draw a tooth
    թափել զդրունսtʿapʿel zdruns ― to unhinge the doors
    բեւեռովք զբեւեռ թափելbeweṙovkʿ zbeweṙ tʿapʿel ― one nail drives out another (new things or persons make old ones forgotten)
    թափել զոգի ուրուքtʿapʿel zogi urukʿ ― to harass, to hold in suspense
    թափել զքունtʿapʿel zkʿun ― to rouse one's self, to awaken
    թափել զգինիtʿapʿel zgini ― to get sober again, to sleep off drunkenness or debauch
    թափել ի բաց զոգիtʿapʿel i bacʿ zogi ― to die, to perish
    թափել զցասումն, զոխս ի վերայ ուրուքtʿapʿel zcʿasumn, zoxs i veray urukʿ ― to vent one's anger, to wreak one's vengeance
    թափել զթոյնս յոքtʿapʿel ztʿoyns yokʿ ― to give vent to one's angry passions
    թափել զմաղձնtʿapʿel zmałjn ― to discharge one's bile, to vent one's spleen
    թափել զտուննtʿapʿel ztunn ― to remove, to change habitation, to empty a house of its furniture
    թափել զսուր իւր յոքtʿapʿel zsur iwr yokʿ ― to draw the sword against, to brandish the sword
    թափել զինքն ի գրաստէնtʿapʿel zinkʿn i grastēn ― to dismount, to leap from horseback
    թափել զինչսtʿapʿel zinčʿs ― to spend, to dissipate, to waste, to squander
    թափել զոյժ եւ զզօրութիւնtʿapʿel zoyž ew zzōrutʿiwn ― to make great efforts, to employ all one's energy, to do any thing in the world; to strive with all one's heart, to sharpen one's tools, to prepare oneself
    թափել զբանն յումեքէtʿapʿel zbann yumekʿē ― to interrupt a discourse
  2. (transitive) to deliver, to release, to relieve (e.g. a city or a person from death, danger, captivity)
    թափել զոք յիմեքէtʿapʿel zokʿ yimekʿē ― to despoil, to deprive of
    թափել զոք ի ձեռաց ուրուքtʿapʿel zokʿ i jeṙacʿ urukʿ ― to save one from the hands of another, to liberate, to rescue
    թափել զբարկութիւն յումեքէtʿapʿel zbarkutʿiwn yumekʿē ― to free from the effects of another's resentment, to pardon
    թափել զանձնtʿapʿel zanjn ― to escape, to disengage oneself, to get rid off, to abscond; (figuratively) to humiliate, to abase, to lower one's self to
    ծունր կրկնեսցի թափեցելումն վասն մերcunr krknescʿi tʿapʿecʿelumn vasn mer ― let every knee bend before the incarnate Word
    թափել զոք ի կենացtʿapʿel zokʿ i kenacʿ ― to deprive of life, to massacre
    թափել ի միմեանց (զարս ի կռուի)tʿapʿel i mimeancʿ (zars i kṙui) ― to separate the combatants
    ե՛րթ թափեա՛ զմեզ ի քէնértʿ tʿapʿeá zmez i kʿēn ― flee from our hands!
    թափել ի լծոյtʿapʿel i lcoy ― to throw off the yoke
  3. (transitive) to take away, to take by force, to possess oneself of
    թափել կապուտ, աւար բազում, զկապուտ սաստիկtʿapʿel kaput, awar bazum, zkaput sastik ― to make a great booty, to pillage, to sack
  4. (transitive) to add (a word)
    ածել թափելacel tʿapʿel ― to add, to subjoin; to conclude
  5. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to pour out, to spread, to flow
    թափել աման յամանէtʿapʿel aman yamanē ― to be decanted, poured from one vessel to another
    թափել ի վերայtʿapʿel i veray ― to fall on (the enemy); to rush against; to dash, to dart, to rush upon
    թափել յերկնից յերկիրtʿapʿel yerknicʿ yerkir ― to descend from heaven
    թափել գինւոյtʿapʿel ginwoy ― to recover from intoxication
    թափել հրոյ յերկաթոյtʿapʿel hroy yerkatʿoy ― to strike fire, to produce sparks
  6. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to be deprived of
    թափել ի մտաց, ի խելացtʿapʿel i mtacʿ, i xelacʿ ― to grow foolish, to become mad, to lose one's mind
    թափել գոյնtʿapʿel goyn ― to lose colour, to fade
    թափել գբոցtʿapʿel gbocʿ ― to be dried up, exhausted
    թափել տրտմութեան յարտասուացtʿapʿel trtmutʿean yartasuacʿ ― to vent one's grief in tears
  7. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to get rid of, to free oneself from, to disentangle oneself, to flee, to save oneself by flight
    թափել յումեքէ ի բացtʿapʿel yumekʿē i bacʿ ― to leave, to desert, to abandon
    ի բաց թափերուք յինէն, ե՛րթ թափեաց յինէնi bacʿ tʿapʿerukʿ yinēn, értʿ tʿapʿeacʿ yinēn ― be off! get out! go away!
  8. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to take refuge, to emigrate
  9. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to go, to reach (a country)

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • թափեմ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • թափ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University