լավաշ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Armenian *լաւաշ (*lawaš), a by-form of լաւշ (lawš), whence լոշ (loš).

The ultimate origin is uncertain.

According to Ačaṙyan, we are dealing with a Semitic borrowing. Compare Samaritan Aramaic [script needed] (lwš [lūš], dough), Aramaic ליש (layš), לישא (layšā, dough), Classical Syriac ܠܝܫܐ (layšā, lump of dough), absolute state ܠܝܫ (layš), all from the Aramaic base לוש (lwš, to knead). Further compare Akkadian [script needed] (līšu, dough, paste), [script needed] (lâšu, to knead), Hebrew לַיִשׁ (láyiš, dough), לָשׁ (lāš, to knead), Arabic لاث (laṯ, to dip a slice in oil), لواثة (luwāṯa, flour powder sprinkled for preventing stickiness of dough).

On the other hand, Martirosyan tentatively connects լավաշ (lavaš) with dialectal լափ (lapʿ), լուփ (lupʿ), լովազ (lovaz, palm, flat of the hand), լափուկ (lapʿuk), լեփուկ (lepʿuk, flat, polished stone for playing), լավազ (lavaz, very thin) and assumes derivation from Proto-Armenian *law-, *lapʿ- (flat) +‎ -աշ (-aš). For further origin compare Proto-Germanic *lōfô (the palm or hollow of the hand), Russian ла́па (lápa, paw), Latin lapis (stone, milestone), Ancient Greek λέπας (lépas, bare rock, mountain), Ibero-Romance *lappa (stone plate), all of which may go back to Proto-Indo-European *lóHp-eh₂- or *léh₃p-eh₂- or be borrowed from a substrate language.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

լավաշ (lavaš) (traditional orthography spelling լաւաշ)

  1. lavash

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 305
  • լօշ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • լավաշ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume 4, Armeniaca appendix, page 639
  • "lw$", "ly$" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Aḥmad ʻĀṣim (translator) (1250 [1834]), Al-uqiyānūs al-basīt, translation from Arabic into Ottoman Turkish of Fīrūzābādī's Al-qāmūs al-muhīt, in 3 vols (second edition), Constantinople, volume I, pages 364, 365