լինիմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *լէնիմ (*lēnim), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *ḱleyn-, from *ḱley- (to lean). The verb is suppletive: part of the conjugation is filled by forms of եղանիմ (ełanim).

Verb[edit]

լինիմ (linim)  (aorist indicative եղէ)

  1. to be; to exist, to live
    լինել բերկրութիւն ուրուքlinel berkrutʿiwn urukʿ ― to be the joy or happiness of
    լինել ուրեքlinel urekʿ ― to sojourn; to dwell
    լինել ընդ կնոջ, ընդ միմեանսlinel ənd knoǰ, ənd mimeans ― to have commerce with, to be in intimate relation with, to have sex
    լինել ընդ ումեքlinel ənd umekʿ ― to stay with, to live together
    ի ցնծութիւն եւ ի հիացումն եղեւ աշխարհիi cʿncutʿiwn ew i hiacʿumn ełew ašxarhi ― he was the glory and admiration of the whole world
    քաւ եւ մի՛ լիցիkʿaw ew mí licʿi ― God forbid!
    ողջ լի՛ք/լերուքołǰ líkʿ/lerukʿ ― adieu! good bye! farewell
    լե՛րlér ― now! come on!
  2. to consist
  3. to become, to turn, to make one's self into
    լինել քահանայlinel kʿahanay ― to be ordained priest
    լինել այրlinel ayr ― to become a man, to arrive at man's estate
    լինել առնlinel aṙn ― to marry, to be married
    արանց եւ կանանց լինէինarancʿ ew kanancʿ linēin ― they married and were given in marriage
  4. to happen, to take place, to occur, to chance; to come to pass
    զի՞նչ լինիցի ընդ իսzi?nčʿ linicʿi ənd is ― what shall I do? what will become of me?
    քաւ եւ մի՛ լիցիkʿaw ew mí licʿi ― God forbid!
    որ ինչ լինելոց է եղիցիor inčʿ linelocʿ ē ełicʿi ― happen what may!

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • լինիմ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • լինիմ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • լինիլ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • լինիլ in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5
  • Ašot Abrahamyan (1976), Grabari jeṙnark [A Handbook of Old Armenian] (fourth edition), Yerevan: Luys
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 53