խաչ

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Armenian[edit]

Christian cross.svg

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian խաչ (xačʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

խաչ (xačʿ)

  1. cross
    սուրբ խաչsurb xačʿ ― holy cross

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *khaty-, from *khet- (stake, picket). An ablaut of խոչ (xočʿ, a piece of wood, stone protruding from ground upon which one may stumble, an obstacle) and խէչ (xēčʿ, prop, stay, on which plants are supported). Thus, the initial meaning of the word was "stake, stick". The only surviving cognate is Persian خاده (xāda, a straight branch; a broom-stick; an oar; a coal-rake; a gibbet).

Noun[edit]

խաչ (xačʿ

  1. crucifix
    ի խաչ հանելi xačʿ hanel ― to crucify
    կախել զխաչէkaxel zxačʿē ― to crucify
    ի խաչ ելանելi xačʿ elanel ― to be crucified
    սուրբ խաչsurb xačʿ ― the Cross, the Holy Rood
  2. (figuratively) cross, sorrows, tribulation
  3. cross
    խաչ առնել, հանելxačʿ aṙnel, hanel ― to make the sign of the cross, to cross oneself
  4. (in the plural) crossroads

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • խաչ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • խաչ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • խաչ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy