ծառ

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Armenian[edit]

ծառ

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ծառ (caṙ); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ծառ (caṙ)

  1. tree

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Disputed. According to Ačaṙyan, derived from Proto-Indo-European *ǵr̥so-, zero-grade of *ǵers- (to twist; to plait things from flexible twigs) and cognate to Ancient Greek γάρσανα (gársana, brushwood), γέρρον (gérrhon, wattle-fence), Old Norse kjarr (copsewood, brush-wood, thicket). According to Diakonoff, a word of Hurro-Urartian substrate: compare Urartian [script needed] (ṣârə, orchard), Hurrian [script needed] (sar-me, wood).

Noun[edit]

ծառ (caṙ

  1. tree
    մատաղատունկ ծառmatałatunk caṙ ― sapling
    հինաւուրց, զառամ ծառhinawurcʿ, zaṙam caṙ ― old tree
    պտղատու ծառptłatu caṙ ― fruit tree
    թզուկ ծառtʿzuk caṙ ― dwarf tree
    ծառ արուեստիcaṙ aruesti ― the ten Aristotelian categories
    ելանել ի ծառelanel i caṙ ― to climb trees; to mount a tree
    ծառ յօտել, յապաւել զծառսcaṙ yōtel, yapawel zcaṙs ― to prune; to lop
    պատուաստել զծառսpatuastel zcaṙs ― to graft
    ծաղկին ծառքcałkin caṙkʿ ― the trees flourish
    փթթին ծառք ծաղկօք, ծաղկազարդին ծառքpʿtʿtʿin caṙkʿ całkōkʿ, całkazardin caṙkʿ ― the fruits are in full bloom or blossom
    ծառ կացուցանել զհերսcaṙ kacʿucʿanel zhers ― to cause the hair to stand on end
    իւրում ծառոց ի վերայ ելանելiwrum caṙocʿ i veray elanel ― to do according to one's will or pleasure, to follow one's own bent

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Igor M. Diakonoff (1985), Hurro-Urartian Borrowings in Old Armenian. In: Journal of the American Oriental Society 105.4: 597–603
  • ծառ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ծառ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ծառ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University