կոճ-

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See also: կոճ

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Similar development of senses (see կոճ (koč)) is found in Latin truncus and Ancient Greek ἀστράγαλος (astrágalos). Martirosyan assumes the basic meaning to be ‘to beat, break’ and derives կոճ- (koč-) from կոծ- (koc-, to beat).

Root[edit]

կոճ- (koč-)

  1. to break; to chop off, to lop off, to cut off
    *կոճեմ*kočem ― to strike; to break; to cut off
    կոշկոճեմkoškočem ― to beat
  2. tree trunk with branches lopped away
    կոճkoč ― log, beam
    կոճղkočł ― tree trunk
  3. protruding bony part on the body (because of the likeness to a rough piece of wood or to a trunk of a tree)
    կոճkoč ― anklebone, knucklebone
  4. spherical parts on plants
    կոճակkočak ― bud, germ
    կոճղէզkočłēz ― bulbous root
    կոճ վրացիkoč vracʿi ― hellebore
  5. other small spherical objects
    կոճակkočak ― button

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • կոճ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 370