կրակ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian կրակ (krak); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

կրակ (krak)

  1. fire
  2. (figuratively) light, lamp
  3. (figuratively) fever
  4. (figuratively) heat
  5. (figuratively) fervour
  6. shooting, firing

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An Iranian borrowing. Compare Persian کوره (kure, furnace) and Georgian კერა (kera), კერაკი (keraki), კერაკანი (kerakani), also from Iranian. A derivation form Proto-Indo-European *g(e)u-ro- (glowing coal), with Proto-Germanic *kulą and Irish gúal as cognates, has also been proposed, but this is unconvincing.

Noun[edit]

կրակ (krak

  1. fire, flames
    կրակ լուցանել, վառելkrak lucʿanel, vaṙel ― to kindle, to light, to make a fire
    արծարծել զկրակarcarcel zkrak ― to stir, to poke the fire
    շիջուցանել զկրակšiǰucʿanel zkrak ― to put out, to extinguish, to quench the fire
  2. (figuratively) fire, heat, flame, spirit, ardour

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • կրակ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • կրակ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • կրակ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 378