հայիմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (to protect) with a semantic shift “to protect” > “to watch over” > “to watch, to look”. See also նայիմ (nayim), յայտ (yayt).

Verb[edit]

հայիմ (hayim)  (aorist indicative հայեցայ)

  1. to watch, to look, to give a look, to cast the eyes on, to see; to look upon, to gaze on, to consider attentively, to look in the face, to observe, to contemplate, to speculate, to weigh well
    գեղեցիկ հայելովgełecʿik hayelov ― handsome, elegant, beautiful, charming
    հայել ի վերhayel i ver ― to look up
    հայել ընդ պատուհաննhayel ənd patuhann ― to peep or look in at the window or through the window
    հայել գաղտագողիhayel gałtagołi ― to look stealthily at
    պշուցեալ հայել յոք անյագpšucʿeal hayel yokʿ anyag ― to gaze with greedy or devouring eyes at, to stare at
    հայել յայրատս/յայրատութեամբhayel yayrats/yayratutʿeamb ― to look at impudently, lustfully, lewdly
    հայել յոք սիրով, գորովալից աչօքhayel yokʿ sirov, gorovalicʿ ačʿōkʿ ― to look at lovingly or tenderly, to look sweet upon, to cast sheep's eyes on, to ogle
    հայել խանդաղատանօքhayel xandałatanōkʿ ― to gaze on dotingly, with fondness, with glistening eyes
    ընդ ակամբ հայել յոքənd akamb hayel yokʿ ― to look scornfully at or with contempt
    հայել մտօքhayel mtōkʿ ― to contemplate, to muse on
    մինչդեռ նա այսր անդր հայէրminčʿdeṙ na aysr andr hayēr ― as he looked about or around
  2. to take care
  3. to concern, to regard
    ոչինչ հայեցեալ իočʿinčʿ hayecʿeal i ― in spite of, despite
  4. to have in view, to aspire to, to aim at
  5. to face, to front, to look on, to overlook

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

According to some there are subtleties in the meaning of three synonyms: հայել (hayel) means “to look from below upwards”, նայել (nayel) means “to look from above downwards” and տեսանել (tesanel) means “to look straight”.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • հայիմ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հայ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 386