հաստ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian հաստ (hast).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

հաստ (hast)

  1. thick
    հաստ գիրքhast girkʿ — thick book
  2. dense

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Connected with Proto-Germanic *fastuz (fixed, firm, secure), possibly also Sanskrit पस्त्य n (pastya, stall, stable ← stable habitation), पस्त्या f (pastyā, homestead, dwelling, household), and usually derived from Proto-Indo-European *pastV- (solid, stable). Kroonen separates the Sanskrit and reconstructs the Proto-Indo-European root for Armenian and Germanic as *pHst-; see *fastuz for more on this.

However, Martirosyan writes: "In view of the limited distribution (see also Salmons apud Mallory/Adams 1997: 204b) and the vowel *-a-, we are hardly dealing with a Proto-Indo-European word. One may posit a European substrate word shared by Armenian, Germanic, possibly also Indo-Aryan. In view of the semantics of the Germanic and Indic cognates, as well as that of Armenian հաստատեմ (hastatem, to affirm, assert, reinforce; to build, found, set up, settle, establish a dwelling place), one may posit a substratum technical term with an original meaning ‘foundation, settlement, fortified dwelling place, fortress’".

Adjective[edit]

հաստ (hast) (indeclinable

  1. firm, steady, standing still, tough
  2. (dialectal) thick, dense, broad

Noun[edit]

հաստ (hast

  1. firmness, the standing still, strength
    կալ ի հաստիkal i hasti — to stand firm
    ի հաստոջ պահելi hastoǰ pahel — to hold fast
    ի հաստոջ ունելi hastoǰ unel — to preserve, to keep

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • հաստ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հաստ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հաստ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume III, page 49ab
  • “pasto-” in Julius Pokorny (1959), Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, in 3 vols, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, volume III, page 789
  • J. P. Mallory, D. Q. Adams (eds.) (1997), Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 204b
  • Birgit Anette Olsen (1999), The Noun in Biblical Armenian, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, ISBN 3-11-016483-3, page 201
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 390
  • “*fastu-” in Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 138