հուր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian հուր (hur).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

հուր (hur)

  1. fire

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *puh₂r-, from *péh₂ur.

Noun[edit]

հուր (hur

  1. fire
    հուրն անշէջhurn anšēǰ ― hell, hellfire
    շրջմոլիկ հուրšrǰmolik hur ― night-fire, Will-o'-the-wisp, Jack-o'-lantern, ignis fatuus
    հուր արկանել, վառելhur arkanel, vaṙel ― to set on fire, to light, to kindle, to make a fire
    հուր հարկանել, արկանել, տալ, հրով/հուրբ դատելhur harkanel, arkanel, tal, hrov/hurb datel ― to set fire to, to burn, to set on fire, to inflame, etc.
    ի հուր եւ ի սուր սպառել, մաշել զամենայնi hur ew i sur spaṙel, mašel zamenayn ― to put every thing to fire and sword, to destroy by burning; to chastise with fire and sword, to punish severely
    ի հուր այրիլ, տոչորիլi hur ayril, točʿoril ― to be burnt, consumed by fire
    իւղ արկանել զհրովiwł arkanel zhrov ― to add fuel to the flames
    հուր առնուլhur aṙnul ― to catch or take fire, to fire or blaze up
    չառնուլ հուրčʿaṙnul hur ― to miss fire
    հուր վարեալ բորբոքէր ի Գաղղիաhur vareal borbokʿēr i Gałłia ― all France was on fire, all in a blaze
    ի հո՛ւր, ի հո՛ւր, հուր հարաւ զտանէi húr, i húr, hur haraw ztanē ― fire! fire! the house is on fire!
    առ սէր քո տայր զինքն/մատնէր զանձն եւ ի հուրaṙ sēr kʿo tayr zinkʿn/matnēr zanjn ew i hur ― he would go through fire and water for your sake
  2. (figuratively) fire, heat, spirit, ardour
  3. (figuratively) passion, love, flame
  4. (as an adjective) fiery, igneous
  5. (as an adjective) pyramidal (a translation of Ancient Greek πυραμίς (puramís), as if it were from πῦρ (pûr, fire))

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • հուր in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հուր in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • հուր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Ranko Matasović (2009), A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian, Zagreb, page 9
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 426
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 97