ճիւ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ačaṙyan and J̌ahukyan consider the origin of the word unknown.

Martirosyan proposes derivation from Iranian *čīva- (shank), attested only in the Avestan compound *ast-čīwa-, reconstructed from [script needed] (ascuua-, shank), which Lubotsky connects with Sanskrit अष्ठीवत् (aṣṭhīvat), reconstructing Proto-Indo-Iranian *HastčiHwa-, interpreting it as a compound of the word for ‘bone’ (compare Sanskrit अस्थि (asthi)) with a reflex of Proto-Indo-European *(s)kiHu- (shin) (compare Russian цевка (cevka), Serbo-Croatian cijev/цијев, Lithuanian šeivà, Old English scīa). If Martirosyan's etymology is correct, Armenian ճիւ (čiw) provides us with the only independent evidence for Proto-Indo-Iranian *čiHwa- (shank).

Noun[edit]

ճիւ (čiw

  1. leg; shank

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Unattested in Old Armenian outside the compounds երկաճիւ (erkačiw) and մենաճիւ (menačiw).

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ճիւ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ճիւ” in Manuēl J̌axǰaxean (1837), Dizionario armeno-italiano, in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ճիւ in Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1865), Aṙjeṙn baṙaran haykaznean lezui [Pocket Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (second edition, corrected and expanded by Grigor Čelalyan), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ճիւ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Hrach Martirosyan, (2005) On Armenian čiw ‘shank’. In: Iran and the Caucasus, 9.1, pp. 81–84
  • Alexander Lubotsky, The Indo-Iranian Word for ‘shank, shin’, Journal of American Oriental Society, 122/2, pp. 318-324, (2002)