մագիլ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian մագիլ (magil); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

մագիլ (magil)

  1. claw; talon

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain.

According to Ačaṙyan, perhaps a “Caucasian” borrowing; he compares Georgian მახვილი (maxvili, pointed, sharp), Udi мух (mux, nail; claw) and several Avar forms. J̌ahukyan adds also Avar (Southern dialect) малгь (malh), Bagvalal милгьв (milhʷ, nail; claw) and considers the Armenian specifically a Northeast Caucasian borrowing. Compare also literary Avar малъ (mał, nail; claw). Nikolayev and Starostin reconstruct Proto-North Caucasian *mɦǟƛă, *mɦǟƛǝ̆ (finger-nail, toe-nail) for these.

Alternatively, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃nogʰ- (nail) via pre-Armenian *h₃nogʷʰ-ōl-eh₂, with the nm change possibly being the result of assimilatory influence of a labiovelar in the following syllable from Proto-Armenian or the influence of մատն (matn, finger); compare also Tocharian A maku, Tocharian B mekwa (nails).

Noun[edit]

մագիլ (magil

  1. claw, talon
    երկաթի մագիլքerkatʿi magilkʿ ― torturing hooks
    ըմբռնել մագլօքəmbṙnel maglōkʿ ― to seize with the claws or talons, to clutch, to grapple, to grasp, to hook

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • մագիլ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • մագիլ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • մագիլ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • մագիլ in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5
  • Geworg J̌ahukyan (1987), Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 609
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 255
  • Tower of Babel