որթ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian որթ (ortʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

որթ (ortʿ)

  1. vine, grapevine

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pórt-h₂-u-. Cognate with Ancient Greek πόρτις (pórtis, bull-calf; boy), Sanskrit पृथुक (pṛthuka, boy; the young of any animal), Welsh erthyl (untimely birth), Old High German farro (German Farre (bullock)). The initial *p- survives in dialectal հորթ (hortʿ) which is the accepted and usual form in modern literary Armenian. Related to որդի (ordi, child).

Noun[edit]

որթ (ortʿ

  1. calf
    որթ դիեցիկortʿ diecʿik — sucking calf
    միս որթուmis ortʿu — veal
    որթ խորովեալortʿ xoroveal — roast veal
    մորթ որթուmortʿ ortʿu — calf-skin
    որթ ծովայինortʿ covayin — seal, sea-calf
    որթ ոսկի ձուլածոյortʿ oski julacoy — golden calf
  2. young of a deer
    որթ եղանցortʿ ełancʿ — fawn, young deer
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • որթ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • որթ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • որթ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume III, page 578–579
  • “analut‘” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 65
  • “ort‘” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, pages 536–537

Etymology 2[edit]

According to Ačaṙyan, developed figuratively from որթ (ortʿ, calf); typologically he compares երինջ (erinǰ, heifer; sprout of grapes), Ancient Greek βλαστός (blastós, sprout; child), μόσχος (móskhos, calf; young shoot, twig). Martirosyan does not discuss որթ (ortʿ, vine) s.v. որթ (ortʿ, calf), but he mentions the pair under the semantic field young animals : young branches : child, generation (human, fauna and flora), along with երինջ (erinǰ, heifer) : երինջ (erinǰ, sprout of grapes) and մորճ (morč, thicket; young branch) : մանուկ-մորճուկ (manuk-morčuk, young (children, orphans)), մորճիկ (morčik, offspring, son or daughter).

J̌ahukyan, following Pedersen, derives from Proto-Indo-European *ortʰo-, beside *ort- (vine), with Albanian hardhi as a cognate. Alternatively, following Petersson, he derives this from Proto-Indo-European *portʰo-, beside *pertʰ- (pole, sprout), with Ancient Greek πτόρθος (ptórthos, sprout) as a cognate.

Noun[edit]

որթ (ortʿ

  1. vine, grapevine
    բեր որթոյber ortʿoy — grapes
    տերեւ որթոյterew ortʿoy — vine-leaf
    ուռ որթոյuṙ ortʿoy — vine-tendril
    յօտք որթոյyōtkʿ ortʿoy — vine-branches, vine-cuttings
    թօթափել/աղել զտերեւս որթոյtʿōtʿapʿel/ałel zterews ortʿoy — to strip away the superfluous vine-leaves
  2. (rare) grape (the fruit of vine)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • որթ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • որթ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Herbert Petersson (1916), Beiträge zur armenischen Wortkunde. In: Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiete der Indogermanischen Sprachen, 47. Bd., 3./4. H., pp. 240–291, pages 271—273
  • որթ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume III, page 579
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 785
  • որթ II in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 606–607