ջիլ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ջիլ (ǰil); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ջիլ (ǰil)

  1. tendon, sinew
  2. vein
  3. muscle

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰiHslo-, from *gʷeiH- (sinew). Cognates include Latin filum (thread), Lithuanian gýsla, Proto-Slavic *žila.

Noun[edit]

ջիլ (ǰil

  1. (anatomy) nerve, sinew (the ancients confused the two tissues)
    ջիլ տեսաբանականǰil tesabanakan ― optic nerve
  2. fibre, string; whip
  3. (figuratively) nerve, sinews, force, vigour
    լուծանիլ ջղացlucanil ǰłacʿ ― to become enervated
    զջիլս հարկանել ուրուքzǰils harkanel urukʿ ― to shock a person's nerves, to frighten, to terrify
    զջիլս հատանել ուրուքzǰils hatanel urukʿ ― to hurt a person's nerves, to weaken, to enervate

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In Old Armenian ջիլ (ǰil) and ջիղ (ǰił) meant the same thing.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ջիլ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ջիլ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ջիլ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Ranko Matasović (2009), A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian, Zagreb, page 9