փոքր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian փոքր (pʿokʿr); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

փոքր (pʿokʿr)

  1. small, little
    փոքր շունpʿokʿr šun ― little dog
    փոքր մեքենաpʿokʿr mekʿena ― small car
  2. younger, junior
    փոքր եղբայրpʿokʿr ełbayr ― younger brother

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

փոքր (pʿokʿr)

  1. little

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *փոքու (pʿokʿu), from *փուքու (pʿukʿu), from Proto-Indo-European *phuku-. Cognates include Ancient Greek φαῦλος (phaûlos, trifling, insignificant), Latin paucus (few, little), pauper (poor), paulus (small), parvus (small), and Old English fēaw (English few).

Adjective[edit]

փոքր (pʿokʿr

  1. little, small; few; inconsiderable, trifling; minor
    փոքր ինչ, փոքր միpʿokʿr inčʿ, pʿokʿr mi ― somewhat, a little
    փոքու իմնpʿokʿu imn ― in few; almost
    յետ փոքու, զկնի փոքու ինչ, յետ փոքր ինչyet pʿokʿu, zkni pʿokʿu inčʿ, yet pʿokʿr inčʿ ― shortly after, in a short time, shortly
    ի փոքուստi pʿokʿust ― from small matters
    ի փոքունi pʿokʿun ― in small things
    ի փոքուստ/փոքրուստi pʿokʿust/pʿokʿrust ― in infancy, yet young
    փոքր փոքր, առ փոքր փոքր, ըստ փոքու փոքու, առ ի փոքր փոքրpʿokʿr pʿokʿr, aṙ pʿokʿr pʿokʿr, əst pʿokʿu pʿokʿu, aṙ i pʿokʿr pʿokʿr ― by little and little, little by little, by degrees, insensibly
    փոքր մի յառաջpʿokʿr mi yaṙaǰ ― shortly before
    փոքր մի եւս՝ եւ, փոքր միւս եւս, փոքր ինչ՝ եւpʿokʿr mi ews, ew, pʿokʿr miws ews, pʿokʿr inčʿ, ew ― little was wanting, there was little wanting to, almost, nearly
    փոքր միւս եւս եւ անկանէիpʿokʿr miws ews ew ankanēi ― I was very near falling in
    փոքր մի եւս սասանեալ էին ոտք իմpʿokʿr mi ews sasaneal ēin otkʿ im ― my feet were near sliding
    փոքր ինչ համարել, վարկանիլ, փոքր իմն թուիլ յաչսpʿokʿr inčʿ hamarel, varkanil, pʿokʿr imn tʿuil yačʿs ― to hold as trifles, to consider as insignificant
    ի փոքունս յարեալ հայիլi pʿokʿuns yareal hayil ― to stand upon trifles, to lay much stress upon things of no importance

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • փոքր in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • փոքր in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • փոքր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 33