քերեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ker- (scrape, cut). Cognates include Ancient Greek κείρω (keírō), Lithuanian skìrti and Old English scieran (English sheer). The words քոր (kʿor), քերծեմ (kʿercem) and քերթեմ (kʿertʿem) are of the same origin.

Verb[edit]

քերեմ (kʿerem)  (aorist indicative քերեցի)

  1. to scrape, to scratch, to grate, to graze, to rasp, to plane, to polish
    քերել առkʿerel aṙ ― to graze, to touch slightly
    քերել առ ափամբքkʿerel aṙ apʿambkʿ ― to skirt, to coast along, to keep close to the shore
    քերել զափամբքkʿerel zapʿambkʿ ― to go terra a terra, to sail along the coast
  2. to erase, to scratch out
  3. to rub the skin off, to excoriate, to flay, to lacerate, to torture
  4. to take away, to remove, to annul
    զամօթն ի բաց քերելzamōtʿn i bacʿ kʿerel ― to lay aside all sense of shame
  5. to engrave, to inscribe, to write

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • քերեմ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • քերեմ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • քեր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Ranko Matasović (2009), A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian, Zagreb, page 11