خرما

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Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian خرما (xormâ).

Noun[edit]

خرما (hurmâ)

  1. date (fruit)

Persian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian Tg / hwlmʾk' (xormā, date), possibly from earlier *harmāw. The logogram is from Aramaic 𐡕𐡌𐡓𐡉𐡍 pl (tmryn, dates).

Compare Parthian hwlmʾk (xurmāg) and Tg (*amrāw), both forms appeared in Draxt ī Āsūrīg. The former is from Middle Persian. For reading of the latter, compare Manichaean Parthian ʾmrʾw (amrāw) and Old Armenian արմաւ (armaw) (see Korn).

Noun[edit]

خرما (xormâ) (plural خرماها)

  1. date (fruit)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • "xormā" in David Neil MacKenzie (1986), A Concise Pahlavi Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-713559-5, page 94
  • Henning. W. B. (1950), "A Pahlavi Poem", Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 13, No. 3., page 645
  • Korn, Agnes (2013), "Final troubles: Armenian stem classes and the word-end in Late Old Persian", in Sergei Tokhtas'ev, Pavel Lur'e (eds.): Commentationes Iranicae, Vladimiro f. Aaron Livschits nonagenario donum natalicium / Sbornik statej k 90-letiju Vladmira Aronoviča Livšitsa, St Petersburg: Nestor-Istorija, pp. 74-91; page 81, note 39: "HENNING (1950, p. 645) notes that the Pth. form is amrāw as seen in “Man. ʾmrʾw , against Arm. armav”, and thus reads amrāw for the Arameogram Tg in the Draxt ī Asūrīg while MACIUSZAK (2007, p. 65, 125, 184) reads (the NP form) xormā on account of <hwlmʾk> occuring some lines later in the text. ʾmrʾw is found in the unpublished fragment M 171 II R 10 (Desmond Durkin-Meisterernst, pers. comm.). The relevant part of the fragment is partially broken off, though (see the photo at http://www.bbaw.de/forschung/turfanforschung/dta/m/images/m0171_seite2.jpg)."
  • «КОРБУРДИ ВОЖАҲОИ ПОРТӢ ДАР ЗАБОНИ ФОРСИИ МИЁНА», Номаи пажӯҳишгоҳ, №1, 2001, с. 10-19. «портӣ amrāw=xurmāg «хурмо» (<harmāw =armāw [Hubschmann 1895, 111; Периханян1973, 440]."»