ضب

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Arabic[edit]

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drawing of Uromastyx microlepis
Uromastyx microlepis

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ṣ́abb- or *ṣ́ab-. Compare Classical Syriac ܥܒܐ (ʿabbā, spiny-tailed lizard) and Hebrew צָב (ṣāḇ, turtle).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dˤabb/, [dˤɑb], [d̪ˠɑb]

Noun[edit]

ضَبٌّ (ḍabbm, plural ضِبَابٌ (ḍibāb)‎; ضَبَّةٌ (ḍabba)‎ f

  1. spiny-tailed lizard (any lizard of the genus Uromastyx)
    • Letter of Ya'qūb-i Layth to Abbasid Caliph Al-Mu'tamid, written by the poet Ibrāhim ibn Mamshādh
      أنا ابن الأكارم من نسل جم
      وحائز إرث ملوك العجم
      ...
      فقل لبني هاشم أجمعين
      هلموا إلى الخلع قبل الندم
      ملكناكم عنة بالرما
      ح طعناً وضرباً بسيف خذم
      واولاكم الملك آباؤنا
      فما ان وفيتم بشكر النعم
      فعودوا الى ارضكم بالحجاز
      لاكل الضباب ورعي الغنم
      فاني ساعلو سرير الملوك
      بحد الحسام وحرف القلم
      I am the son of the noble descendants of Jam, and the inheritance of the kings of Persia has fallen to my lot.
      (...)
      Say then to all sons of Hāshim [Abbasids]: Abdicate quickly, before you will have reason to be sorry.
      We have conquered you by force, by the thrusts of our spears and the blows of our sharpswords.
      Our fathers gave you your kingdom, but you showed no gratitude for our benefactions.
      So, return to your own soil in Hijaz [Arabia], to eat lizards and to graze your sheep;
      For I shall mount on the throne of the kings, by the edge of my sword and the point of my pen.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ابن منظور. «الضَّبَّةُ»، لسان العرب.
  • ياقوت الحموي. «إبراهيم بن ممشاذ أبو إسحاق المتوكلي الأصبهاني»، معجم الأدباء.
  • Meisami, Julie Scott. Persian Historiography:To the End of the Twelfth Century. Edinburgh University Press, 1999. ISBN 0748612769. p. 116.

See also[edit]